You might not think much about how your air conditioner functions, but it relies on refrigerant to keep your house cool. This refrigerant is controlled by environmental rules, as it contains chemicals.

Depending on when your air conditioner was added to your home, it may require R-22, R-410A or R-32 refrigerant. We’ll review the differences and which air conditioner refrigerants are being phased out in McKinney and Frisco, plus how these phaseouts impact you.

What’s R-22 and Why Is It Discontinued?

If your air conditioner was installed before 2010, it probably uses Freon®. You can learn if your air conditioner uses it by calling us at 888-863-0560. You can also look at the name plate on your air conditioner condenser, which is situated outside your residence. This sticker will contain details on what kind of refrigerant your AC uses.

Freon, which is also referred to as R-22, has chlorine. Scientists consider R-22 to be harmful to the earth’s ozone layer and one that leads to global warming. The Environmental Protection Agency, which manages refrigerants in the United States, barred its manufacture and import in January 2020.

I Have a R-22 Air Conditioner. Should I Replace It?

It depends. If your air conditioning is running properly, you can continue to keep it. With regular air conditioner maintenance, you can expect your air conditioning to operate around 15–20 years. However, the Department of Energy reports that replacing a 10-year-old air conditioner could save you 20–40% on summertime cooling costs!

If you don’t install a new air conditioner, it can cause an issue if you require air conditioning repair later on, specifically for refrigerant. Repairs could be pricier, since only small levels of recycled and reclaimed R-22 is on hand.

With the phaseout of R-22, a lot of new air conditioners now use Puron®. Also called R-410A, this refrigerant was created to keep the ozone layer strong. As it calls for a different pressure level, it doesn’t work with air conditioners that rely on R-22 for cooling.

However, Puron still has the possibility to lead to global warming. Because of that, it might also eventually be phased out. Although it hasn’t been mandated yet for residential air conditioners, it’s expected sometime this decade.

What Refrigerant Will Take Over R-410A?

In preparation of the phaseout, some manufacturers have started using R-32 in new air conditioners. This refrigerant is classified low for global warming possibility—around one-third less than R-410A. And it also lowers energy use by approximately 10%, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. That’s savings that might be forwarded on to you through your cooling bills.

Bell Mechanical Services Can Help with All Your Air Conditioning Needs

In brief, the modifications to air conditioner refrigerant probably won’t impact you greatly until you have to have repairs. But as we discussed previously, refrigerant-related repairs might be more expensive because of the low quantities on hand.

Not to mention, your air conditioner usually stops working at the worst time, frequently on the muggiest day when we’re experiencing many other appointments for AC repair.

If your air conditioner requires a discontinued refrigerant or is more than 15 years old, we recommend getting an up-to-date, energy-efficient air conditioner. This provides a trouble-free summer and can even decrease your cooling expenses, especially if you get an ENERGY STAR®-rated air conditioner. Plus, Bell Mechanical Services provides many financing options to make your new air conditioner fit your budget. Contact us at 888-863-0560 to start now with a free estimate.